LBNE's core is at Sanford Lab
Fermilab Today, Apr 3, 2014
Nearly a mile underground, a drilling crew is working around the clock to extract rock core at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, S.D. Core samples are used to explore the rock mass that would house the proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment liquid-argon far detector. (A version of this story also appeared in Sanford Underground Research Facility's Deep Thoughts.)
30 years of inter-American collaboration
Symmetry, Mar 31, 2014
In 1983, Fermilab Director Leon Lederman put his money on the table at the second Pan American Symposium on Elementary Particles and Technology in Rio de Janeiro... Since then, the collaboration between Fermilab and Latin American institutions has grown to also include Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Twenty-one Latin American institutions participate in the collaboration, which consists of theorists and members of eight experiments: CMS, DAMIC, DZero, LBNE, MINERvA and MINOS, as well as on the Dark Energy Survey and the Pierre Auger Observatory – both of which reside in South America.
UK backs huge US neutrino plan
BBC, Feb 14, 2014
Scientists at Fermilab, just outside Chicago, want to fire a beam of particles called neutrinos through 1,300km (800 miles) of rock some 30km below the surface. The experiment's aim is to learn more about how the Universe was created. BBC News has learned that the UK has now agreed to be part of the $1.5bn (£1bn) project... "It is as big as the search for the Higgs and will revolutionise our understanding of physics," said Prof Stefan Soldner-Rembold of the University of Manchester, who is working at Fermilab.
Feds support underground neutrino experiment
Black Hills Pioneer, Jan 23, 2014
The international high-energy physics community has a lot to be happy about in 2014 so far. Not only did the government's recent passage of the $1.1 billion OMNIBUS Spending Bill include $15 million for the Sanford Lab, which amounts to full funding for the lab this fiscal year, it also included $26 million for the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE), a U.S. Department of Energy-sponsored (DOE) project whose importance to the global physics community cannot be overstated. Scientists are also very excited about recent changes in the DOE's approach to the collaborative experiment, which should yield further international support.
LBNE prototype cryostat exceeds goals
Fermilab Today, Jan 21, 2014
"We're cold, we're full, and the purity numbers are a success." Barry Norris, the LBNE cryostat and cryogenic systems manager, thus summed up the just-completed first phase of testing for the 35-ton LBNE prototype cryostat... On Dec. 20 engineers cooled down the membrane cryostat to 110 Kelvin, at which point they commenced the transfer of about 5,000 gallons liquid argon... By the end of this session, the team was able to verify that the systems for purifying, recirculating and recondensing the argon were working properly and to begin the purity testing... (A version of this story also appeared in Cold Facts Feb 2014, Vol 30 No. 1.)
Fermilab Today, Dec 13, 2013
On Thursday the laboratory presented to our staff and users its plan for providing megawatt proton beams to the neutrino program at Fermilab... (PIP-II's) higher injection energy will allow us to deliver 50 percent more beam intensity from the Booster and, when paired with modest improvements in the Recycler and Main Injector, will allow us to break the 1-MW barrier in beam power delivered to the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment. The plan is to have this capability in place at the time of initiation of LBNE operations... The PIP-II concept is a descendant of the Project X reference design, with changes that significantly reduce the cost by aligning its capabilities more closely with the LBNE mission.
The Experiments Most Likely to Shake Up the Future of Physics
Wired, Nov 11, 2013
In order to really clear up all the remaining questions about neutrinos as well as any new ones that come up in the future, physicists in the U.S. hope to complete the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE). This facility, located in a mine in South Dakota, would detect neutrinos shot from a beam at Fermilab in Illinois nearly 1,300 kilometers away...
Planning the future
Fermilab Today, Oct 29, 2013
(From the "Director's Corner," by Fermilab Director Nigel Lockyer) The first public meeting of the newest incarnation of the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel – known informally as P5 – will take place this weekend at Fermilab ... In preparation ... a working group was charged with developing a set of recommendations on Fermilab's role in an optimized particle physics program over the next 10 years... I have been engaged with the LBNE project team in intensive work to plan the strategy for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment. This was the focus of a series of meetings last week with DOE officials and is also the reason for my first visit to South Dakota this week...
Invigorated and unified, US particle-physics community considers future directions
physicstoday, October, 2013
Nearly 700 high-energy physicists, mostly from the US, gathered at the University of Minnesota for nine days in late July and early August to take stock of their field... (and) identify promising areas. Those included taking a significant role in the ILC if Japan bids to host it ... The community also wants the US to continue its involvement in the LHC as it is upgraded to higher energy and luminosity ... Realizing the LBNE as a global project gained appreciation. And people are excited both about looking for dark matter at two orders of magnitude higher sensitivity ... and about shedding light on dark energy.
LBNE gains new partners from Brazil, Italy and UK
Fermilab Today, Sept 26, 2013
LBNE is making headway toward becoming a truly global experiment. Last week 16 institutions from Brazil, Italy and the UK joined the LBNE collaboration, based at Fermilab, significantly contributing to an overall membership increase of over 30 percent compared to a year ago... "These groups bring a wealth of physics and technology expertise to the collaboration," said Bob Wilson of Colorado State University, who, with fellow spokesperson Milind Diwan of Brookhaven National Laboratory and others, has been actively building these partnerships.
The Unruly Neutrino
Science, Sept 6, 2013
One clan of particles shamelessly flouts the rules of physicists' standard model: neutrinos. The theory says that they shouldn't have mass. Yet they do, and from the perspective of the theory, they misbehave wildly...Physicists plan to put their understanding to the acid test in ever larger experiments that shoot neutrinos hundreds of kilometers through Earth, allowing them to change flavors along the way. In the United States, the proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment would fire neutrinos 1300 kilometers from Fermilab to a detector in an abandoned mine in South Dakota. In Japan, the planned Hyper-Kamiokande Experiment would shoot neutrinos 295 kilometers to a detector 20 times the size of Super-Kamiokande.
Daya Bay furthers neutrino knowledge
Symmetry, Aug 22, 2013
Scientists on an experiment that in 2012 revealed an important aspect of neutrinos announced this week that they had further contributed to our understanding of the puzzling elementary particles... Daya Bay scientists confirmed that (electron neutrinos) disappeared at different rates depending on their energies in a precisely predictable manner... (T)his week's result is a step toward a different way of searching for new discoveries. Physicists could measure the energy dependence of neutrino oscillations at reactors and compare it to the same measurement made at experiments (such as the proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment) that study higher-energy neutrinos produced with particle accelerators...
New Results from Daya Bay: Tracking the Disappearance of Ghostlike Neutrinos
Brookhaven Newsroom, Aug 21, 2013
The international Daya Bay Collaboration has announced new results about the transformations of neutrinos... U.S. scientists have played essential roles in planning and running the Daya Bay experiment... (they) are also laying the groundwork for a future neutrino project, the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment... The combined results from LBNE and other global neutrino experiments will give scientists new ways to test for violations of fundamental symmetries, and open other avenues to understanding the structure of the universe today.
Black Hills Pioneer, June 28, 2013
Federal and project officials want to make sure that plans for an experiment that could extend the Sanford Lab life to the next 40 years maintain worldwide momentum, despite budget concerns in Washington... The Department of Energy is overseeing the environmental assessment that will determine the impact of building and operating the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment, which may be built at the surface or deep underground.
Mike Headley named executive director of SDSTA, Sanford Lab
sanfordlab.org, June 25, 2013
The Board of Directors of the South Dakota Science and Technology Authority on June 25 announced the appointment of Mike Headley as the new executive director of the SDSTA, which operates the Sanford Underground Research Facility (Sanford Lab) in Lead, S.D. Read more
EDITORIAL: Neutrinos big news at Sanford
Rapid City Journal, June 25, 2013
In the Black Hills, neutrinos are an important matter, because without them there probably would not be a Sanford Underground Research Facility at Lead's Homestake Mine... Another major experiment involving neutrino research is being proposed at Sanford: the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment.
Sanford Lab officials explain enormity of proposed experiment
Black Hills FOX, June 25, 2013
More than 350 scientists from five countries are working on a proposed experiment they hope to construct at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead. A meeting was held in Lead Tuesday evening to introduce the public to the proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment, which Sanford officials say would be the world's most ambitious neutrino project. Read more and watch video
Fermilab names Nigel Lockyer as new director
nature.com, June 21, 2013
"They say if you want to study neutrinos, talk to the United States or Japan. So what Fermilab is pursuing is the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE). I personally find the science there very inviting... What the US government has given a bit of a green light to is a detector on the surface that I would argue is too small. I'd like to make it twice as big and put it a kilometre underground. The challenge is to work with European and Japanese colleagues to see if we can do that." Read more
Sanford Lab officials outline LBNE plans
Black Hills Pioneer, June 3, 2013
Scientists plan to build what they consider to be one of the most important physics experiments in the world in Lead (SD) if an environmental impact study is favorable to the project. The project could be built on the surface, in Kirk Canyon, or underground at the Sanford Lab, but federal officials want to make sure they understand the environmental effects before proceeding any farther. Read more
Sanford Lab: the long view
Deep Thoughts, May 28, 2013
Just as the Sanford Lab itself is evolving, so too is the project's long-term future. Today's graphic by Multimedia Specialist Matt Kapust updates the latest long view... The illustration also shows the underground option for the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE). Click for full graphic Read more
Fermilab revs up search for the elusive neutrino
Medill Reports, May 23, 2013
The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia will host an informational meeting tonight to discuss its proposed Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment. As with all research funded by the Department of Energy, Fermilab is required to submit an environmental assessment as part of their approval process. Though the lab won't be formally filing the assessment until 2014, researchers want to start the conversation with community members early. Read more
Digging in the dirt for LBNE
Fermilab Today, May 14, 2013
Last week, contractor Raimonde began drilling through rock and soil near Main Injector Road and Pond F as part of the geotechnical exploration program for LBNE... The exploration program will provide geotechnical information needed to proceed with design of conventional facilities for the LBNE neutrino beamline. Read more
Getting LBNE 35-ton cryostat ready for cool-down
Fermilab Today, May 13, 2013
A 35-ton-capacity cryostat – a prototype for the proposed multi-kiloton LBNE liquid-argon far detector – stands ready for cool-down in PPD's PC-4 facility and for its first liquid-argon fill. Read more
Rep. Bill Foster Calls For Increased Federal Support For Ongoing Scientific Research
Kane County Chronicle, Apr 23, 2013
Congressman Bill Foster submitted a request to the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development asking for strong federal support for our nation's scientific infrastructure and ongoing scientific research. He issued a press release that specifically mentions funding for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment. Read more
The Next Big Physics Machines Are Neutrino Detectors
Popular Mechanics, Feb 16, 2013
Fear not, lovers of big physics machines ... multiple new mega-projects are coming in the form of sprawling neutrino detectors, according to neutrino scientists who spoke at this weekend's meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston. China's building them, Japan is vying for an even larger one that it already has, and the U.S.'s Fermilab, outside Chicago, hopes to start firing neutrinos toward a detector 800 miles away near Mount Rushmore. Read more
Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment
Symmetry, Feb 14, 2013
Scientists are now proceeding with the engineering design of the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment, which aims to discover whether neutrinos violate the fundamental matter-antimatter symmetry of physics. Read more
Neutrinos, the Standard Model misfits
Symmetry Magazine, Feb 12, 2013
For years, scientists thought that neutrinos fit perfectly into the Standard Model. But they don't. By better understanding these strange, elusive particles, scientists seek to better understand the workings of all the universe, one discovery at a time. Read more
Bob Wilson elected co-spokesperson for LBNE
Fermilab Today, Dec 12, 2012
Wilson was elected to the position of co-spokesperson for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment in November. He will replace outgoing spokesperson Bob Svoboda of UC Davis and will join Brookhaven National Laboratory's Milind Diwan in leading the LBNE collaboration. Read more
DOE grants CD-1 approval to LBNE project
Fermilab Today, Dec 11, 2012
The U.S. Department of Energy on Monday granted Critical Decision 1 approval to the first phase of LBNE, which includes construction of a beamline at Fermilab and a near-surface far detector at the Sanford Lab in Lead, S.D. Read more
LBNE review at Fermilab and US-PRC meeting at Daya Bay
Fermilab Today, Nov 7, 2012
What was perhaps the laboratory's most important event last week – the successful Department of Energy CD-1 review of LBNE – became a demonstration of valiant efforts by researchers and project reviewers alike... The review recommendation was for approval of CD-1, which hopefully will be granted by DOE before the end of the year. This is a necessary milestone for the project...
East Coasters brave Hurricane Sandy to keep neutrino project on schedule
Symmetry, Nov 5, 2012
Hurricane Sandy hit the night before an important project review, but scientists, engineers and project personnel didn't let that stand in their way.
This week's HEPAP meeting
Fermilab Today, Aug 29, 2012
This was the first HEPAP meeting after the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment was reconfigured to comply with DOE's financial guidelines. The discovery (by Daya Bay) of a large theta-13 parameter in neutrino mixing ... has opened the gate for important future advances in neutrino physics and removed the major risk for LBNE ... The afternoon of the first day was devoted entirely to the topic of LBNE ...
Proposed neutrino experiment bounces back, ready to move on
Symmetrybreaking, Aug 10, 2012
A few months ago, the future seemed uncertain for what could be the world's most powerful neutrino experiment. Now, thanks to a new phased construction plan, the proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment is back on track and ready to advance to the next stage of the U.S. Department of Energy approval process...
A path forward for LBNE
Fermilab Today, July 10 2012
DOE Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman has written me (Pier Oddone, Director of Fermilab) a letter supporting the reconfiguration of LBNE and requesting us to proceed to CD-1. The CD-1 review will take place at the end of October, followed by the formal approval of CD-1 towards the end of this calendar year....
Symposium looks back at Tevatron's life at Fermilab
Daily Herald, June 12 2012
At a symposium Monday reviewing the impact of the now-shuttered Tevatron particle accelerator, Fermilab director Pier Oddone discussed what's next for the laboratory... A working group organized by Oddone will propose, in a report to the Department of Energy's Office of Science, that the DOE build a long beam line to shoot neutrinos to a detector in the former Homestake gold mine in Lead, S.D., and a 10-ton detector in that mine, in the first of three phases of constructing the experiment, he said...
Advancing Underground Science at South Dakota's Sanford Lab
Berkeley Lab News Center, June 7 2012
The Sanford Underground Research Facility officially opened its Davis Campus on May 30 by introducing more than 60 visitors to the sparkling new laboratories... NSF support is expected to continue for individual experiments. Meanwhile DOE will pursue major projects such as Fermilab's Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment, proposed to begin with a large liquid argon detector at Homestake and a new accelerator beamline at Fermilab, 800 miles away...
LBNE builds 35-ton
Fermilab Today, June 7 2012
...The LBNE project team is currently constructing a 35-ton-capacity prototype cryostat at PPD's PC-4 facility with the primary purpose of verifying that the high purity levels achieved last year in the Liquid Argon Purity Demonstrator, LAPD, are reproducible in a non-evacuated cryostat of the type planned for the LBNE detector....
American Physics Dreams Deferred
New York Times, May 21 2012
...The science office in the Energy Department actually got an increase in the budget released by President Obama in February, but the money went to more applied research, into areas like energy and scientific computing. Only last month, Congress added money to the (LBNE) neutrino experiment, although not enough to get the whole project back on track, said Katie Yurkewicz, Fermilab's spokeswoman...
Neutrino project changes focus
Nature, May 2 2012
...Last week, the working group met with the wider particle-physics community to hash through ways to cut costs while retaining the project's three main science goals: determining the hierarchy of masses of the three known types of neutrino; establishing whether neutrinos disobey 'charge-parity symmetry', which might explain why the Universe contains more matter than antimatter; and searching for proton decay....
LBNE reconfiguration workshop spring board for ideas from physics community
Fermilab Today, Apr. 27 2012
Scientists and community members packed One West on April 25 and 26 for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment reconfiguration workshop... Workshop participants helped assess the best options to do the most science for the least amount of money...
DOE pulls back from major Sanford Lab experiment
Black Hills Pioneer, Apr. 13 2012
Officials at the Department of Energy have declined funding for the current plans of the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment, the largest detector planned for the Sanford Lab. Scientists with the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment have been asked to take a phased approach at planning the experiment that carried a price tag of more than $1.5 billion...
Physicists mobilize to rescue U.S. neutrino experiment
symmetrybreaking, Apr. 4 2012
Neutrino physicists in the U.S. have begun to regroup after a disappointing setback last week, when they learned the Department of Energy would not support the budget of a major proposed experiment. The silver lining, as they see it, is that they have the chance to reevaluate their plans and find a path forward. DOE officials asked Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory to study ways to make the costs of the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment more manageable, such as dividing its construction into stages or working with an existing neutrino beam...
Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment
Fermilab Today, Apr. 3 2012
We have started a vigorous effort to answer Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman's charge to Fermilab to find a path forward to reach the goals of the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment in a phased approach. A steering committee led by Deputy Director Young-Kee Kim (pictured at left), with many of the LBNE stakeholders as members, will guide the study. The steering committee will have two working groups: the physics working group, led by Mel Shochet of the University of Chicago, and the engineering/cost working group, led by Mark Reichanadter of SLAC...
US physicists fight to save neutrino experiment
Nature, Mar. 26 2012
The future of a pioneering project to study the lightest matter particles known was thrown into jeopardy last week, when officials at the US Department of Energy (DOE) announced that they were reluctant to fund the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) in its current form... The stakes are high for advocates of the LNBE who see it as a chance for the United States to maintain a place at the leading edge of particle physics, even as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has made CERN, Europe's high-energy physics laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland, the field's undisputed hub...
Fermilab told to rein in planned neutrino experiment
physicsworld.com, Mar. 26 2012
Physicists in the US working on a major new experiment to study the properties of neutrinos have suffered a major setback with the announcement that the US Department of Energy (DOE) will not fund their current plan. Known as the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE), it would involve creating a beam of neutrinos at Fermilab and detecting them 1300 km away in a new detector to be built deep underground in South Dakota's Homestake mine. But writing to Fermilab director Pier Oddone last week (pictured at left), William Brinkman, who is director of the DOE's Office of Science, says that the DOE "cannot support the LBNE project as it is currently configured"...
DOE decision on LBNE
At DOE, Body Blows to Fusion, Nuclear Physics, and Particle Physics
ScienceInsider, Feb. 13 2012
... the budget cuts research and development for what would be Fermilab's flagship project in the next decade. Researchers hope to build a gigantic underground particle detector called the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment ....
President's Budget Request
Fermilab Today, Feb. 14 2012
... Where do the cuts fall on the Fermilab program? The first is a decrease in the funds for the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment and related support for the Homestake site...
3Qs: Physicists push for underground testing facility
news@Northeastern, Jan. 31 2012
Northeastern professor Pran Nath talks about why he and more than 40 colleagues are urging the U.S. Department of Energy to fund an underground facility for particle physics research.
Life after Tevatron: Fermilab Still Kicking Even Though It is No Longer Top Gun
Scientific American, Jan. 31 2012
"We have 10 accelerators here on site," says Fermilab physicist Steve Holmes, with the merest hint of irritation. "We turned one of them off, okay?" ... New and ongoing projects at Fermilab, ... depend less on energy and more on intensity-producing beams with copious amounts of particles to look for rare decays or interactions..
US physicists call for underground neutrino facility
Nature newsblog, Jan. 26 2012
When the US National Science Board nixed plans for an underground lab in 2010, multiple potential experiments were left homeless... Now, 40 leading theoretical physicists, including three Nobel Prize winners, have written to the US Department of Energy (DOE) urging it build an underground facility to study subatomic neutrinos ...
Next step for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment
Fermilab Today, Jan. 24 2012
...By far the toughest decision has been the selection of the technology for the detector ... The decision is to build LBNE with liquid-argon TPC technology ...
A good close to the year
Fermilab Today, Dec. 20 2011
...The final important event from last week was ... a recommendation from the executive committee of the LBNE collaboration regarding how the experiment should be done.
First physics experiments soon to move into former Homestake mine
symmetrybreaking, Dec. 15 2011
Construction of a 12,000-square-foot research campus a mile underground is nearing completion in the Black Hills of South Dakota, and scientists will begin to move the first physics experiments underground this spring.
LBNE coming into focus
Fermilab Today, Nov. 15, 2011
As LBNE moves closer to its CD-1 review this coming spring, the project team has steadily honed its conceptual design to reduce cost while maintaining necessary functionality and safety features.
Sanford Lab Hires New Director
Black Hills Pioneer, Sep. 13, 2011
The Sanford Underground Laboratory at Homestake, in Lead South Dakota, has hired a new Director.
LBNE and the FY12 Budget Request
Fermilab Today, Sep. 13, 2011
Budget requests for fiscal year 2012 include LBNE and Sanford Underground Laboratory at Homestake in Lead, South Dakota.
Pop Goes the Photomultiplier Tube
Brookhaven bits&bytes Feb. 8, 2011, WIRED Feb. 9, 2011
To understand how to strengthen the design of photomultiplier tubes, Brookhaven physicists and engineers submerge them in water and watch them implode.
Collaborative Relationships Key to Success
Fermilab Today, Oct. 29, 2010
As LBNE approaches its Critical Decision-1 review early next year, the experiment collaborators have come together to develop a complete conceptual design and prepare documentation for the review.
Recovery Act Funding at Work
Fermilab Today, Oct. 22, 2010
Recovery Act funding gives the LBNE project team a chance to grow.
LBNE collaboration meeting
Sept. 12-15, 2010
The last LBNE collaboration meeting took place at Fermilab from Sunday, Sept. 12 to Wednesday, Sept. 15, 2010.
Agenda and more information
LBNE collaboration meeting
Fermilab Today, May 25-28, 2010
An LBNE collaboration meeting took place in Deadwood, South Dakota from Tuesday, May 25 to Friday, May 28, 2010.
Testing target materials
@brookhaven TODAY, March 2010
LBNE scientists are using the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer (BLIP) to test various target materials to determine which is best to generate LBNE's neutrino beam.
Ground-breaking neutrino R&D gets government boost
symmetrybreaking, Jan. 14, 2010
The Department of Energy has given the LBNE project its first-stage approval, known as Critical Decision-0.
Drillers sample soil, rock at proposed neutrino site
Fermilab Today, Dec. 11, 2009
Engineers have begun to collect geological information for the design and the construction of tunnels and caverns of the LBNE project on the Fermilab site.
NSF grant for neutrino detector
UC Davis News, Oct. 13, 2009
The LBNE Science Collaboration has received a $4.4 million NSF grant for the design of the world's largest neutrino detector.